This lesson is designed to take students through the creation of national parks, policies and the politics as well as the importance of creating these protected areas. Students will read through each module and complete the assigned tasks. The final page includes important terms, resources and extension activities which help the students complete the modules.
With the ever-increasing population, and destruction of natural habitats, governments see the value and the need to preserve natural spaces around the world. Historically, parks were created for the purpose of providing recreational areas for people, and less for the protection of natural areas. Today, national parks are focusing to ensure that natural areas around the world can be preserved to the closest natural state possible without being lost to human development. This includes the protection of natural vegetation, landscape and wildlife in an area in order to maintain biological diversity.
Stunning landscapes, healthy wildlife populations, and clean lakes and rivers are all important to us. These areas are prime examples of environmental stewardship and act as a legacy for future generations. Visitors to national parks enjoy the landscape and wildlife views for their personal well-being, which adds to the economic value of national parks through tourism. Moreover, forests allow for carbon reduction in the atmosphere, clean streams provide populations with drinking water, and cultural histories can be seen within these parks.
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